Continue west on the gravel road to MONUMENT POINT (4.7 miles), where Great Salt Lake, the railroad grade, and the Bidwell-Bartleson Trail meet. The rail post marker here at the point reads:
"We now skirted the north end of the lake, sometimes traveling in a valley and again along the shore of the lake when the mountains jutted down nearer to its shores."
Nicholas "Cheyenne" Dawson, Narrative, August 26, 1841
2000 Utah Crossroads Chapter - OCTA BBU-7
|This photo is looking west at Monument Point. An Historic place where the emigrants of 1841 went around the point in the center of the photo and the Central Pacific Railroad built 10 miles of track in one day in 1869, that is still a record. After the railroad was constructed evaporation ponds were built on these white flats to procure salt that was hauled by the railroad.||This photo show Indian Knolls across the center of the photo from right to left. The water at the bottom of the photo is one of the Locomotive Springs. The Bidwell Party missed these springs. If they had sent a scout upon the knolls he would have seen the springs. The view is to the northwest.|
Continue northwest to the "Locomotive Springs" SIGN (4.2 miles). Turn south 1.5 miles is the Locomotive Springs State Waterfowl Management Area. The Bidwell-Bartleson party missed these springs, forcing them to travel a long distance and establish a camp without water to the northwest. Locomotive Springs is southeast of Kelton. The springs pour out their waters from the center of a large flat, creating thousands of acres of marsh land, wild hay fields, and sloughs. Thousands of brant, snipe, and ducks frequent the marshes, which are protected as a migratory bird refuge.
|This is Locomotive Springs a State Waterfowl Management Area. There are about five springs in this area west and south of Indian Hill. Indian Hill is the small hill just south of the road. The Bidwell Party missed these springs probably because of poor scouting. A scout riding on top of Indian Hills would have seen these springs.||This is another view of the Locomotive Springs area looking to the Raft River Mountains to the northwest.|
Continue west at the Locomotive Springs sign. As you travel west, the road switches to the old Central Pacific Railroad grade. Travel along this grade to the old town site of KELTON (10.3 miles). There are several Bureau of Land Management interpretive signs placed next to the railroad grade that outline the area's railroad history.
Kelton was established as a railroad town. Water was piped in square, hollowed-out-timber pipes from a spring to the northwest and used for the steam locomotives. Originally on the Central Pacific Railroad as a stage and freighting station, Kelton served as a major junction for stage and freight lines from Idaho and Oregon. After the Lucin Cutoff was built across Great Salt Lake, the town of Kelton died. The cemetery and old Central Pacific roadbed are all that remain today.
Turn right and travel north from Kelton to the JUNCTION (8.5 miles) with paved SR 30. Turn right onto SR 30 and travel to MILEPOST 66 (1.1 miles), at the junction with an unmarked gravel road on the left. East of this point 2.5 miles is the 26 AUGUST CAMPSITE. John Bidwell described this campsite:
"Traveled all day over dry, barren plains, producing nothing but sage, or rather it ought to be called, wormwood, and which I believe will grow without water or soil. Two men were sent ahead in search of water, but returned a little while before dark unsuccessful. Our course intersected an Indian trail, which we followed directly north towards the mountains, knowing that in these dry countries, the Indian trails always lead to the nearest water. Having traveled till about 10 o'clock P.M. made a halt, and waited till morning distance about 30 miles."
|August 24-25, 1841||August 27-September 5, 1841|