SIA4104: NPS Marker: Why Here?
|Photographer:||Calvin J. Hamilton|
|Copyright:||Copyright © 2013 Calvin J. Hamilton. All rights reserved.|
|Location:||Hopewell Mound Group, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, Chillicothe, Ohio|
Why did the Hopewell choose this spot for such an important ceremonial site? This large level terrace
had good soil conditions making it an optimal stage for a grand earthwork. The North Fork of Paint Creek
would have been a major source of water and a corridor for travel. Nearby suphur springs may have
beend used for medicinal or other uses. Or perhaps the area held special religious significance. The real
reason is known only by the ancient architects.
The Hopewell were amazing engineers and built walls identifying the size of the earthworks. Some walls
were built as tall as 12 feet. Here, the walls were measured at 4-6 feet in height and encompassed 100
football fields in the area. Further up the trail, you will see remnants of the oritinal wall.
Copyright © 2005-2009 Calvin & Rosanna Hamilton. All rights reserved.