American spikenard, American sarsaparilla, Indian root, life-of-man, old manís root, petty morel, pigeon weed, spignet, spikenard.
A perennial 1 to 9 feet in height, with a single leaf stalk. Leaf is divided into 3 parts, each with five leaflets. Flowering stalk is elongated, with small greenish-yellow flowers in clusters. Produces a blackish or purplish berry. Root is larger than the root on nudicaulis.
June to August.
Bluffs, deep woods, and riverbanks.
Roots in summer and fall.
Roots and rhizomes have been used to treat rheumatism, syphilis, coughs, and shortness of breath. In Appalachia, a tea made of roots is used for backache.