Oswego bee balm, American bee balm, bee balm, bergamot, horsemint, Indianís plume, low balm, mountain balm, mountain mint, Oswego tea, red balm, rose balm, scarlet balm.
Stems sharply four-angled, to about 4 feet in height, aromatic, simple branches to 6 inches long; leaves ovate to lance-like, toothed, rounded at base, petioled, hairy, serrate, 5 to 6 inches long; bright crimson flowers to 2 inches long in large terminal clusters at top of plant; perennial.
July to September.
Rich woods, thickets, bottomlands, and stream banks.
Herb when flowering.
This herb is described as being a rubefacient, stimulant and carminative. The U.S. Dispensatory lists it as being anthelmintic. This plant is a commercial source of the drug Thymol, which is of value as an antiseptic and flavor.