Indian Jack-in-the-pulpit, bog onion, cuckoo plant, dragon root, dragon turnip, Indian turnip, Jack-in-the-pulpit, lords and ladies, meadow turnip, memory root, pepper turnip, priest's pintle, small Jack-in-the-pulpit, starchwort, swamp turnip, thrice-leaved arum, wake robin, wild turnip.
A perennial that has 2 stalks of 3 leaves each, and grows another stalk topped with a green tubular pulpit, which has a hood turned down over it that protects an inside green or dark purple tube. The pulpit stalk has brilliant crimson berries in dense clusters.
April to June.
Rich damp woodlands and bogs.
Corm in summer or fall.
The boiled corms of this plant were a mainstay in the diet of the American Indians. Because of the needle-like calcium oxalate crystals, the raw corm is extremely irritating and toxic. The plant has been used as an expectorant, irritant, and diaphoretic.