A perennial orchid that grows from a series of bulb-like roots attached by narrower roots. The plant has a single, broad, elliptical pointed leaf at the base. Flower spike, which arises from the root, has small leaflike structures enclosing the stem. Flower is purplish toward its base and brown toward its summit, with white lip.
May to June.
Moist shaded woods and in set soil of flood plains.
Root in fall.
Plant is reputed to have value in treating bronchial ailments.