Southern maidenhair, black maidenís hair fern, ladyís hair, maidenhair, venusí hair fern.
A perennial fern with fronds, or stems of small leaflets, arranged alternately along a continuous stem. The pale green leaflets are fan-shaped with blunt lobes on outer curved edge. Stems are deep red-brown to shiny black. Rhizomes are creeping.
Moist, shaded, and limy rocks or step banks; humus-rich woods.
Roots and leaves.
According to existing sources, this plant has been used for an expectorant, tonic, and astringent. In Europe a tea of the herb is used to treat coughs, catarrh, and respiratory infections as well as menstrual discomfort.