White ash, American ash, American white ash, ash, Biltmore ash, Biltmore white ash, cane ash, smallseed white ash.
A tree that grows to 120 feet in height. Bark is ashy gray and furrowed. Leaves are 8 to 12 inches long, with 5 to 9 (mostly 7) leaflets 3 to 5 inches long, rounded at the base and about half as wide as they are long. The winged seeds are from 1 to 3 inches long, narrow, flat, and one-seeded; and they occur in clusters.
April to May.
Rich upland to lowland woods, lower to middle slopes.
Inner bark of trunk and roots, and stem in the spring.
The bark of this plant is tonic, cathartic, diuretic, a febrifuge, diaphoretic, astringent, antiarthritic, and alterative. It has been prescribed for headache followed by fever, fever sores of the lips, and constipation. In Appalachia, the chewed bark is used as a poultice on sores, and a tea made from the buds is used for snakebite.