Calf Creek | Calf Creek Indians | All Photos

Indian Storage Structure

Calf Creek Indians

The beautiful Calf Creek canyons were once inhabited by ancient American Indians. Today their presence and influence still remain in the form of ancient dwellings, storage structures (graineries), and hugh life size pictographs. The 5.5 mile round trip trail from the Calf Creek parking lot to the falls gives a glympse of what life might have been like for these Indians.

Fremont Barberry
Fremont Barberry.
Utah Juniper
Utah Juniper.
Along the trail you will encounter the above storage grainery high up on the cliffs. It was built around 1000 to 1200 A.D. by Indians who farmed the Calf Creek canyon bottoms and stored their produce in these high, dry, probably rodent-proof structures. Peoples of both the Anasazi and Fremont cultures were residents in the area at the time these structures were built. Which of these cultures actually built these structures is unknown, but may be revealed through further archeological research.

Many of the plants and trees were used by the Indians such as:

Calf Creek Pictographs Part way up the trail, these pictographs can be seen located near the bottom of the eastern wall of Calf Creek canyon. The four large figures are painted in red and are typical of Fremont style and form. The pictographs date to 1000 A.D. or earlier and could represent deities, cultural heros, or they may depict a ceremony or event.

The following shows another storage structure that can be found along the road just outside Escalante. The Fremont culture used these as granaries sometime between 1050 to 1200 A.D. The Fremont were a hunting and gathering soiety who supplemented that way of life by growing corn, beans, and squash.

Storage Structures

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