Historical Collection

Exploration of America
George Catlin George Catlin
George Catlin was a painter and writer specializing in the artistic preservation of the natives of North America. He worked under the premonition that the North American Indians were a "dying race." As such, he took special care to document the Indians in their natural element.
John Bidwell John Bidwell
The Bidwell-Bartleson party of 1841 has not received the full acknowledgement for their accomplishments. They proved that overland travel to California was feasible and possible even with wagons.
Hastings Cutoff Hastings Cutoff
The advent in the fall of 1845 by John C. Fremont with his exploring pack party crossing the Great Salt Lake Desert, began a chain of events that led to the opening of the Hastings Cutoff and of emigrants traversing the desolate Great Salt Lake Desert.
Donner Party The Expedition of the Donner Party and its Tragic Fate
This was written by Eliza P. Donner Houghton and published in 1911.
John Wesley Powell John Wesley Powell
In the history of the United States the place of John Wesley Powell is clear. A great explorer, he was also foremost among men of science and probably he did more than any other single individual to direct Governmental scientific research along proper lines. His was a character of strength and fortitude...
Meriwether Lewis Meriwether Lewis
In considering a leader for an expedition across the continent to the Pacific Coast, Thomas Jefferson said concerning his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis. "It was impossible to find a character," wrote Jefferson, "who to a compleat science in botany, natural history, mineralogy & astronomy, joined the firmness of constitution & character, prudence, habits adapted to the woods, & a familiarity with the Indian manners & character, requisite for this undertaking.
Ephraim George Squier Ephraim George Squier
Ephraim George Squier was an archaeologist, author, businessman, editor, and diplomat. His publications of Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley and Aboriginal Monuments of the State of New York provided an invaluable glimpse of a long lost culture.
William Clark William Clark
William Clark is most famous for his co-leadership of the epic Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06. Less well-known are his contributions to American Indian diplomacy, which occupied a large portion of the remainder of his career.
Sutter's Fort Sutter's Fort
Sutter's Fort, named after Swiss immigrant John Augustus Sutter, is on 27th and L streets in Sacramento. Designed by Sutter and constructed by Mewuk and Maidu Indians, the reconstructed fort is now a California State Historic Park and a state historical landmark.

Historical Sites
Antietam Battlefield Antietam Battlefield - The Bloodiest One Day Battle in American History
23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on September 17, 1862. The Battle of Antietam ended the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia's first invasion into the North and led to Abraham Lincoln's issuance of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
Fort McHenry Fort McHenry
Fort McHenry became famous when the British tried to attack Baltimore during the War of 1812. The valiant defense of the fort by 1,000 dedicated Americans inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner." Read about the Defenders, the bombs, the Pratt Street Riot, and the Baltimore Bastille.
Gettysburg Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War and the war's bloodiest battle with 51,000 casualties. It also provided President Abraham Lincoln with the setting for his famous Gettysburg address. Be sure to visit the Faces of the Gettysburg Conflict.

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